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Colosseum-World of the gladiators

Colosseum is a historic relic in the form of a big theater called the amphitheater-shaped or elliptical with the original name of the Flavian Amphitheatre, which is one of the Seven Wonders of the World Middle Ages. The site is located in the state capital of Italy, Rome, founded by King during the Roman Empire Vespasian and completed by his son Titus, and became one of the greatest works of Roman architecture ever built.

Coliseum is a symbol of the Roman empire's heyday. This is where thousands of prisoners used as gladiators and die in vain. So the most heinous massacres arena just to entertain the emperor and thousands of citizens who become spectators. They do have to fight to the death. Even if not dead, they were fed fought against lions and tigers. The inmates are living in the vault under the dome coliseum waiting to be slaughtered in the arena. It is said that their bodies were thrown away under the dome coliseum. No wonder that many reports of many ghosts that haunts the rest of the ruins of the coliseum, they wore clothing ancient roman style.

Regarding the year of manufacture until now there are still differences of faith. Some argue that the Colosseum was made in the year 79 BC, there is also an opinion that was made between the years 70-82 AD. But, most archaeologists believe that the Colosseum was made in the year 70-82 AD Originally Colosseum name comes from a statue 130 feet or 40 m are called Colossus. Colosseum is designed to accommodate 50,000 spectators.

The name of the Colosseum as in the above is taken from the name of a statue 130 feet or 40 m, Colossus. Colossus Statue remade as a substitute for Nero as the parable of the sun god Sol, by adding the crown of the sun. In the mid-year, Colossus statue has disappeared. An expert said that since the statue was made of copper, the statue has been merged for reuse.

In addition to a name taken from the Colosseum, the Colosseum is also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre is not known who gave the name. In Italy, the Colosseum was named il colosseo but other Roman languages ​​use the name Le Colisée and el coliseo to mention the Colosseum.

Colosseum is large enough. With a height of 48 m, length 188 m, 156 m wide and the area around the building about 2.5 ha to make the Colosseum looks so big and spacious. Wooden arena measuring 86 mx 54 m, and covered by sand. Elliptical or spherical shape of the Colosseum point to prevent the players to flee to the corner and prevents the audience to be closer to the show.

Colosseum is a very great work. The place is said to be a great and spectacular stage due to the shape and structure of the Colosseum. Even now, the Colosseum is still said to be a great stadium and spectacular. Seating in the Colosseum are divided into different levels based on social status in Roman society.

Main podium located in the north and south to the Emperor and his family, at this place provides the best scenery viewed from the arena, there is a resting place, where the property is also on this level. Later on the same level with the broader platform is a special podium for the Roman senators, who may bring their own chairs. The names of several senators can still be seen from the engraving on the stone seat.

At the next level is called maenianum Primum, which is devoted to the Roman nobility. Then on the third level is maenianum secundum which is divided again into three parts. Bottom (immum) was used for the wealthy, at the top again (summum), used for the commoners. And finally, in the wood (maenianum secundum in legneis) is where the structure of wood at the top of the building. That place is a place that used to stand for women inferior.

After 2 years of the Colosseum used as a venue, the youngest daughter named Vespasian Domitian ordered to construct an underground area (Hypogeum), two levels of underground lines that are interconnected in the form of tunnels and cages where gladiators and animals are placed before the fight begins. There is also provided the pitfalls of a trap door that is used to prevent entry of wild animals are not planned into the arena and to keep the weapons storage area in the Colosseum.

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