Tjuta and Uluru are the two main features of the National Uluru - Kata Tjuta Park. Uluru is sacred to the Anangu, the Aboriginal people in the area. The area around the formations are home to a large number of springs, waterholes, rock caves and ancient paintings. Uluru is listed as a World Heritage Site.
Uluru tourism infrastructure is developed adjacent to the base of Uluru that began in 1950 until it adversely affects the surrounding area. So that in 1970 all accommodation related tourist facilities be removed and rebuilt outside the park. In 1975, the reservation of 104 square kilometers of land that is outside the northern boundary of the park, 15 kilometers or 9 miles from Uluru, was approved for the tourist areas and airports are nearby, known as Yulara.
Land of the camp was closed in 1983 in the area and the motel was closed in late 1984, coinciding with the opening of the Yulara resort. Until in 1992, a majority stake in the resort of Yulara Northern Territory Government hosted by the sale and resort was renamed Uluru Ayers Rock Resort.
Because the park Uluru is listed as a World Heritage Site, the number of visitors each year more and up to 400,000 visitors in 2000. Increased tourism can provide economic benefits of regional and national levels.