Antarctica is the continent south of the earth, encapsulating the South Pole. It is located in the Antarctic from the southern hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. At 14.0 million km2 (5.4 million square miles), it is the fifth largest continent in area after Asia, Africa, North America, and South America. For comparison: Antarctica is almost twice the size of Australia. Approximately 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice which averaged at least 1.6 kilometers (1.0 miles) in thickness.
Antarctica, on average, is the continent, the coldest driest, and windy, and has the highest average elevation of all continents. Antarctica is considered desert, with annual rainfall of only 200 mm (8 inches) along the coast and far inland. The temperature in Antarctica has reached -89 ° C (-129 ° F). There are no permanent human inhabitants, but anywhere from 1,000 to 5,000 people live year-round research stations on the spread across the continent. Only cold adapted organisms survive there, including many types of algae, animals (eg mites, nematodes, penguins, seals and tardigrades), bacteria, fungi, plants, and protists. Vegetation where there is tundra.
Being in Antarctica was in the middle of nowhere. Its natural wonders, mountains of ice giants with different shapes, glester vast and sprawling snow, all very impressive and exotic. Since the first Antarctic research into objects that never ended even now there is such a trip to Antarctica. Our job is to keep our environment so that the impact of global warming does not melt ice at the South Pole.